India is emerging as a major producer of horticultural crops covering a wide varieties of fruits, vegetables, tuber crops, mushrooms, floriculture, medicinal and aromatic plants, plantation crops, spices etc. which provide a remunerative means for diversification of land use for improving productivity and returns. Horticulture crops also provide nutritional security, increasing employment opportunities, providing raw material for growing needs of the agro- processing industries and ultimately improving foreign exchange earnings through export.
The competitive advantage -on the global products lies mostly oriented horticultural products lies mostly in the low production costs. In order to develop this competitive advantage the products must fulfill the following conditions.
1. Select the products
for which there is a demand in various export markets. Vegetable/ fruit varieties,
especially grown for the food processing/ preserving industry.
2. To select the right crops for the right climate, in the right season.
3. To meet international
4. To obtain better quality products and higher yield per hectare.
5. Concentrate on off season fruits and vegetables.
6. Supportive government policies.
7. Large pool of
farmers, technical and managerial talents apart from skilled labourers.
8. Vast domestic market : Apart from the export market there is a huge domestic market with a middle class of 200 million people.
9. Providing airport infrastructure with minimum possible costs.
10. Efficient utilization of existing vast agro- climatic conditions in the country for the production of variety of fruits and vegetables.
11 Increasing demands
for fresh horticulture products. a growing world market for fresh produce.
The important fruits and vegetables grown in India are apple, apricot pear, mango, banana, citrus, orange, guava, melon, pineapple, grape, litchi, pomegranate, potatoes, onions, green peas, cauliflower, okra, cabbage, tomatoes, egg plant carrots, green chilies, many exotic and luxury vegetables like gourd, pumpkin, leeks, mushrooms, asparagus and cucumber.
The important vegetables exported are potatoes (28 %), onions (7. 1 %), cauliflower and cabbage (4 % each ), Okra (3 %), peas (3 %) and others (50 %).
Exporting of products during off season processed product of Litchi, grapes, mango, straw berries pineapples in addition to sweet corn, cucumber, carrots, broccoli, cauliflower, gherkins, lettuce, onion, spinach and squash.
Commercial fruits products from Mango
1. Products from ripe Mango
|a) Canned Mabgo slices in syrup||b) Mango pulp|
|c) Mango Jam||d) Mango Squash|
|e) Mango Juice||f) Mango Nector|
|g) Mango Cereal Flakes||h) Mango Custards Powders|
|i) Mango toffee||j) Mango Leather (ampaper)|
|k) Mango Juice Powder||l) Mango Freeze dried products|
|m) Mango Syrup||n) Mango wine|
II Unripe Mango Products
a) Mango pickle
b) Mango chutney
c) Brined mango slices
d) Dried green mango slices and powder (Amchur)
e) Various other products such as candy, preserve, squash and jam can be prepared from unripe fruits.
III Other Value added products
Mango processing industry produce almost 25-30% of fruits waste in the form of peels, stones, kernels and trimmings which can be profitably utilized for the production of value added products.
Nearly 60-80% of total produce is used for table purpose and remaining for the manufacture of processed products.
a) Grape Juice b) Jam
c) Grape Juice concentrate d) Wine
e) Raisin making e) Other Value added products
In grapes processing nearly 30-35% goes as waste in the forum of peels, stems, hull etc. These can be effectively converted into various potential products for food and pharmaceutical industries.
Seed from oil, tannin from hulls, vinegar from spoilt grape juice, pectin from skin can be successfully extracted. In recent years, anti-oxidents from the seeds is being extracted.
a) Banana Juice
b) Banana Puree
c) Banana Beverage
d) Mixed jams
e) Banana fig
f) Banana defat fried chips
g) Banana brandy
h) Banan pseudostem - textile industry and packing industry
i) Banana flour
j) Banana powders
Important statistics can be viewed by clicking here.